In 1632 Charles I granted a Maryland Charter to Lord Baltimore. Lord Baltimore, wanted a home for English Catholics established in the New World.  So, in 1634 the first group of settlers set sail for Maryland to establish a colony of freemen led by Leonard Calvert, Lord Baltimore's younger son.

Maryland was a home for English Catholics, but eventually was sought as a place of religious freedom for the growing Protestant population.

As was common in southern colonies, Maryland relied on farming.  They invested in tobacco, corn, wheat, and indigo.  Maryland also took part in shipbuilding and iron working. 



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