Climate

The New England climate has four seasons.  There is a cold snowy winter, hot summer, and lots of precipitation all year long.

Geographic Features

New England has many geographical features!  There are rocky coastlines along the Atlantic, harbors, coastal lowlands, and uplands.  The many capes, bays, lakes, wetlands, and rivers support the fishing industry.  New England also boasts the Appalachian Mountains and Connecticut River Valley!

Soil

Soil in the New England region is quite rocky, hilly, and shallow.  There is also a lot of erosion in this area because of high precipitation rates and nearness to the coast.  This makes farming challenging in New England colonies.

Crops

The New England colonies specialized in producing wheat, corn, rye, beans, and potatoes!

Natural Resources

Because New England is so close to the ocean and the forests of the Appalachian Mountains there is a natural supply of fish, lumber, and fur.  This helps the colonists trade.

Purpose of Founding

The New England colonies were founded so settlers could have religious freedom.

Religion

The settlers that fled religious persecution in Europe to settle in New England were mostly Puritans.

National Origin of Settlers

Most settlers of the New England region were English.

Economy

The economy of the New England colonies relied on fishing and shipbuilding because these colonies were located close to the Atlantic Ocean and did not have good soil for farming.

Education

The settlers in the New England colonies had public education