The Pilgrims were the first English colonists to permanently settle New England in what we now know as Massachusetts. Where is the Massachusetts colony? Click on the text to find out!

The Separatists of the Plymouth colony sought a new life, free from religious persecution, in America after being threatened all over England. (Where in England did the Separatists come from?  Click here to see.) When settlers arrived they anchored off the tip of Cape Cod, before they even set foot on shore, they wrote and signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact.  The Mayflower Compact set the rules to guide the settlers through the early hard times of establishing a new community. The settlers landed in 1620.

The Separatists were helped by a local Wampanoag native named Samoset who spoke some English. Eventually he introduced the settlers to another native named Squanto who's village had occupied the area before the Pilgrims arrived. Squanto spoke English well, and he stayed with the Pilgrims to teach them skills to survive in their new country such as fishing and planting corn.  He also brought the Pilgrims and the local native population together.

Not long after the Pilgrims arrived in Plymouth (1620) the Puritans came to Massachusetts and settled Naumkeag (later called Salem). John Winthrop, carrying the Massachusetts Bay Charter, arrived in 1630 and founded Boston. 

The colonists quickly learned from the example of the natives to take advantage of Massachusettes location.  They farmed corn and got involved in livestock, shipbuilding, lumbering, and fishing.


See images of the bold font leaders below!

The Plymouth Colony

Founded 1620

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This is what the Plymouth colony looked like when it was founded in 1620.

The Massachusetts Bay Colony

Founded 1628/1630

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Here is the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
Notice the difference in the two colonies?

Here are images of the leaders mentioned above
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